New Seven Wonders of the World (2024)


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Amy Tikkanen Amy Tikkanen is Managing Editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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In 2000 a Swiss foundation launched a campaign to determine the New Seven Wonders of the World. Given that the original Seven Wonders list was compiled in the 2nd century BCE—and that only one entrant is still standing (the Pyramids of Giza)—it seemed time for an update. And people around the world apparently agreed, as more than 100 million votes were cast on the Internet or by text messaging. The final results, which were announced in 2007, were met with cheers as well as some jeers—a number of prominent contenders, such as Athens’s Acropolis, failed to make the cut. Do you agree with the new list?

  • Great Wall of China

    Great might be an understatement. One of the world’s largest building-construction projects, the Great Wall of China is widely thought to be about 5,500 miles (8,850 km) long; a disputed Chinese study, however, claims the length is 13,170 miles (21,200 km). Work began in the 7th century BCE and continued for two millennia. Although called a “wall,” the structure actually features two parallel walls for lengthy stretches. In addition, watchtowers and barracks dot the bulwark. One not-so-great thing about the wall, however, was its effectiveness. Although it was built to prevent invasions and raids, the wall largely failed to provide actual security. Instead, scholars have noted that it served more as “political propaganda.”

  • Chichén Itzá

    Chichén Itzá is a Mayan city on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, which flourished in the 9th and 10th centuries CE. Under the Mayan tribe Itzá—who were strongly influenced by the Toltecs—a number of important monuments and temples were built. Among the most notable is the stepped pyramid El Castillo (“The Castle”), which rises 79 feet (24 meters) above the Main Plaza. A testament to the Mayans’ astronomical abilities, the structure features a total of 365 steps, the number of days in the solar year. During the spring and autumnal equinoxes, the setting sun casts shadows on the pyramid that give the appearance of a serpent slithering down the north stairway; at the base is a stone snake head. Life there was not all work and science, however. Chichén Itzá is home to the largest tlachtli (a type of sporting field) in the Americas. On that field the residents played a ritual ball game popular throughout pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.

  • Petra

    The ancient city of Petra, Jordan, is located in a remote valley, nestled among sandstone mountains and cliffs. It was purported to be one of the places where Moses struck a rock and water gushed forth. Later the Nabataeans, an Arab tribe, made it their capital, and during this time it flourished, becoming an important trade center, especially for spices. Noted carvers, the Nabataeans chiseled dwellings, temples, and tombs into the sandstone, which changed color with the shifting sun. In addition, they constructed a water system that allowed for lush gardens and farming. At its height, Petra reportedly had a population of 30,000. The city began to decline, however, as trade routes shifted. A major earthquake in 363 CE caused more difficulty, and after another tremor hit in 551, Petra was gradually abandoned. Although rediscovered in 1912, it was largely ignored by archaeologists until the late 20th century, and many questions remain about the city.

  • Machu Picchu

    This Incan site near Cuzco, Peru, was “discovered” in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, who believed it was Vilcabamba, a secret Incan stronghold used during the 16th-century rebellion against Spanish rule. Although that claim was later disproved, the purpose of Machu Picchu has confounded scholars. Bingham believed it was home to the “Virgins of the Sun,” women who lived in convents under a vow of chastity. Others think that it was likely a pilgrimage site, while some believe it was a royal retreat. (One thing it apparently should not be is the site of a beer commercial. In 2000 a crane being used for such an ad fell and cracked a monument.) What is known is that Machu Picchu is one of the few major pre-Columbian ruins found nearly intact. Despite its relative isolation high in the Andes Mountains, it features agricultural terraces, plazas, residential areas, and temples.

  • Christ the Redeemer

    Christ the Redeemer, a colossal statue of Jesus, stands atop Mount Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro. Its origins date to just after World War I, when some Brazilians feared a “tide of godlessness.” They proposed a statue, which was ultimately designed by Heitor da Silva Costa, Carlos Oswald, and Paul Landowski. Construction began in 1926 and was completed five years later. The resulting monument stands 98 feet (30 meters) tall—not including its base, which is about 26 feet (8 meters) high—and its outstretched arms span 92 feet (28 meters). It is the largest Art Deco sculpture in the world. Christ the Redeemer is made of reinforced concrete and is covered in approximately six million tiles. Somewhat disconcertingly, the statue has often been struck by lightning, and in 2014 the tip of Jesus’s right thumb was damaged during a storm.

  • Colosseum

    The Colosseum in Rome was built in the first century by order of the Emperor Vespasian. A feat of engineering, the amphitheater measures 620 by 513 feet (189 by 156 meters) and features a complex system of vaults. It was capable of holding 50,000 spectators, who watched a variety of events. Perhaps most notable were gladiator fights, though men battling animals was also common. In addition, water was sometimes pumped into the Colosseum for mock naval engagements. However, the belief that Christians were martyred there—namely, by being thrown to lions—is debated. According to some estimates, about 500,000 people died in the Colosseum. Additionally, so many animals were captured and then killed there that certain species reportedly became extinct.

  • Taj Mahal

    This mausoleum complex in Agra, India, is regarded as one of the world’s most iconic monuments and is perhaps the finest example of Mughal architecture. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to honor his wife Mumtāz Maḥal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in 1631 giving birth to their 14th child. It took about 22 years and 20,000 workers to construct the complex, which includes an immense garden with a reflecting pool. The mausoleum is made of white marble that features semiprecious stones in geometric and floral patterns. Its majestic central dome is surrounded by four smaller domes. According to some reports, Shah Jahān wished to have his own mausoleum made out of black marble. However, he was deposed by one of his sons before any work began.

New Seven Wonders of the World (2024)


What are the new seven wonders of the world answer? ›

Chosen at the start of the new millennium, the New Seven Wonders of the World include seven remarkable sites from around the world: Petra, the Great Wall of China, the Roman Colosseum, Chichén Itzá, Machu Picchu, the Taj Mahal, and Christ the Redeemer.

What are the official 7 Wonders of the World? ›

The Seven Wonders of the World are a group of places around the globe that are considered to be of great importance. These are: The Colosseum in Italy, Petra in Jordan, Chichén Itzá in Mexico, Christ the Redeemer in Brazil, Machu Picchu in Peru, Taj Mahal in India and The Great Wall of China.

Are there seven or 12 wonders of the world? ›

While the entries have varied over the centuries, the seven traditional wonders are the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Temple of Artemis, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

Which is the 8th wonder of the world? ›

Angkor Wat, located in Cambodia, is now considered the eighth Wonder of the World, beating Italy's Pompeii.

Is Niagara Falls a wonder of the world? ›

Its massive display of water flow at Bridal Veil Falls, Horseshoe Falls, and American Falls with an average of 2,400,000 to 3,150,000 gallons of water falls per minute is enough to make it the 8th wonder of the world.

How many of the original 7 wonders still exist? ›

These ancient wonders are Colossus of Rhodes, Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and Lighthouse of Alexandria. Of these wonders, 4 were destroyed by earthquake, 2 were destroyed by fire, and 1 is still standing.

Is the Eiffel Tower a wonder of the world? ›

There are two main reasons the Eiffel Tower isn't on the most famous "7 Wonders" list: Age: The most well-known "7 Wonders of the World" refers to the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, chosen in antiquity. These wonders, like the Great Pyramids of Giza, were all built thousands of years ago.

Is the Grand Canyon a wonder of the world? ›

One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Grand Canyon is an unbelievable spectacle of nature. It is a great, huge slash in the surface of the earth - 217 miles long, 4 to 18 miles wide and a mile deep, with the Colorado River flowing at the bottom.

Are there any 7 Wonders in USA? ›

Niagara Falls, the Grand Canyon, the Giant Sequoia Forest, and Devil's Tower are America's most famous natural wonders. Other wonders include Monument Valley, Death Valley, and Hubbard Glacier in Alaska.

How many wonders of the world are there officially? ›

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (from left to right, top to bottom): Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (also known as the Mausoleum of Mausolus), Colossus of Rhodes, and the Lighthouse of Alexandria as depicted ...

Why is the pyramid not in 7 Wonders of the World? ›

The only ancient wonder that made it into this new list was the Pyramid of Khufu. Interestingly the Pyramid was not voted in but was added as an honorary entry. The list included the following seven wonders: The Colosseum, Italy.

Who decides the seven wonders of the world? ›

These Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were originally chosen by Hellenic travelers passing through Persian, Babylonian, and Egyptian lands. They made careful note of these structures in travel guides, artwork, and poems.

How many wonders are in the world in 2024? ›

8 Wonders of the World 2024

Now, the 8 wonders of the world include the Great Wall of China in China, Chichen Itza in Jordan, Petra in Brazil, Machu Picchu in Peru, Christ the Redeemer in Brazil, the Colosseum in Italy, Taj Mahal which is in our country India and now Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

Are there 7 or 8 natural wonders of the world? ›

From the Earth's highest peak to its deepest bay, see why these magnificent locations around the globe are considered the world's seven natural wonders.

What is the difference between the old and updated versions of the 7 Wonders of the World? ›

The key difference is that, this time around, the wonders were not chosen by one man, but rather by millions of people all over the world. The elected New 7 Wonders of the World are the people's choices, and they date from the earliest time that humankind walked upon the earth up through the year 2000.

When were the New 7 Wonders of the World announced? ›

The New7Wonders global movement celebrated the results of the world's first global voting campaign on the 7th day of the 7th month of the year 2007, when the results of more than 100 million votes were announced in Lisbon and The Official New 7 Wonders of the World were declared."

What are the new seven wonders of the world reading? ›

They are Machu Picchu, Chichen Itza, Petra, the Taj Mahal, the Roman Colosseum, the Great Wall of China, and Christ the Redeemer. Do you want to know more about these Wonders? Machu Picchu is also called the “city of stone.” It was built by the Incas in the 15th Century.


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